02 Molecular Orbital Diagram
Dashed lines connect the parent atomic orbitals with the daughter molecular orbitals.
02 molecular orbital diagram. Molecular orbital theory describes the distribution of electrons in molecules in much the same way that the distribution of electrons in atoms is described using atomic orbitals. The molecular orbital mo theory is a powerful and extensive approach which describes electrons as delocalized moieties over adjacent atoms. It also provides an explanation of chemical bonding that accounts for the paramagnetism of the oxygen molecule. Bonding order is 2 and it is paramagnetic.
This interaction introduces an element of s p mixing or hybridization into the molecular orbital theory. When creating the molecular orbitals from the p orbitals notice the three atomic orbitals split into three molecular orbitals a singly degenerate s and a doubly degenerate p orbital. In general bonding molecular orbitals are lower in energy than either of their parent atomic orbitals. This video shows the construction of a molecular orbital mo diagram for the diatomic molecule o2 using the valence electrons of each oxygen.
If number of electrons more in antibonding orbital the molecule become unstable. The electrons in each atomic orbital are represented by arrows. Molecular electron configuration for o2 s2s2s2p4p2 we can also calculate the oo bond order. In the middle of the diagram the molecular orbitals of the molecule of interest are written.
The applications of the mo theory extend beyond the limitations of the valence shell electron pair repulsion vsepr model and the valence bond theory. More molecular orbital diagrams for 02 are provided below. Molecular orbital diagram of o 2 electronic configuration of o 2 in the case of o 2 17 electrons are present 3 electrons are present in antibonding orbitals. Fill from the bottom up with 12 electrons total.
The result is a slight change in the relative energies of the molecular orbitals to give the diagram shown in the figure below.
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